Role of libraries in education – Daily Pakistan Observer –
Read this article to learn about relationship between education and society! Society may be viewed as a system of interrelated mutually dependent parts which. Therefore, along with all other sectors of society, education is undergoing . conclusions about the real relationships between the library and the university. . with each group's goals, culture, and curriculum (CETUS, ). With the growing need of society, education has converted to many shapes such as adult, The American Library Association defines the library as a collection of about social, cultural and economic impediment, helping students to get the.
Academic libraries is considered all those libraries which serve the university, colleges and its affiliated organizations provide services to their students, faculty and staff members. All larger institutions have their own libraries on their campuses which are specially serving the various schools and department inside the institute some of the examples are health sciences, law and humanities libraries. There are many other academic libraries which have faculty status and conducting research in their area of knowledge.
Such libraries are run by professional librarians and expert in their field. Considers that type of library which serve the communities living around of all sizes and types without a creed and caste.
The main mission of Public library is to serve the contemporary society and the general masses of the community from cradle to grave. Public libraries are further divided in various sections such as youth, teens and adults. A school library Is considered as that type of library which serves the community, at school from kindergarten to grade This type of library is affiliated with the school and helps the students and teachers in their academic goal.
This library can be run by librarian having a certificate course or diploma in library science. Special libraries Are considered as that type of libraries which serves a special community in their research activities and provide services in specialized environments of interest.
These libraries are mainly connected with special organization like hospitals, corporation, museum, military institute, Think tank, private business, etc. Pursuing a library career is another option these include research in library and information sciences or a degree in some library school, there is also a huge range of vendors providing goods and services to the library as well as international opportunities like vendors, publishers etc.
Common mission of all libraries around the world. Information literacy initiatives in HE have taken a variety of forms, but there are trends towards the integration of information literacy into subject areas.
Successful initiatives report on effective partnership between library and faculty, integrated 'information literacy' programmes, the integration of the potential of modern ICT and the use of active learning methods. However, implementation and delivery of information literacy education depends on many factors: Association of College and Research Libraries, Institute for Information Literacy.
American Library Association, June Australian Academic and Research Libraries, 34 1, College and Research Libraries, 5 4, Library Review, 52 7, Liberal Education, 79 l, The Library in the Twenty-first Century: Library Association Publishing, Reference Services Review, 29 2, Education for Information, 20 2, Journal of Academic Librarianship, 28 6, The Rise of The Network Society: The Academic Library in the Information Age: Libraries and Lifelong Learning: Models of Technology and Change in Higher Education: The Role of the Universities in the Europe of Knowledge.
Commission of the European Communities. Brussels, 58 Final. User Education in Libraries, 2nd ed. It will therefore reflect the relations of production and serve the interests of the capitalist ruling class. For the ruling class to survive and prosper, the reproduction of labour power is essential.
He argues that the reproduction of labour involves two processes. First, the reproduction of the skills necessary for an efficient labour force. Second, the reproduction of ruling class ideology and the socialisation workers in terms of it. These processes combine to reproduce a technically efficient and submissive and obedient work force. The role of education in capitalist society is the reproduction of such a work force. Althusser argues that the reproduction of labour power requires not only reproduction of its skills, but also, at the same time a reproduction of its submission to the ruling ideology.
Ideological State Apparatus transmit ruling class ideology thereby creating false class consciousness. Education not only transmits a general ruling class ideology which justifies and legitimates the capitalist system. It also reproduces the attitudes and behaviour required by the major groups in the division of labour. Like Althusser, the American economists Bowels and Gintis argue that the major role of education in capitalist society is the reproduction of labour power.
In particular, they maintain that education contributes to the reproduction of workers with the kind of personalities, attitudes and outlooks which will fit them for their exploited status. They argue that social relationships in schools replicate the hierarchical division of labour in their work place.
The Relationship between Education and Society (7040 Words)
It can be stated here that education performs certain role for the society. At the same time education is also conditioned by the social structure. Society crates educational institutions such as schools, colleges and universities to perform certain functions in accomplishing its end.
The educational system may be viewed as a part of the total social system. It reflects and influences the social and cultural order of which it is a part. The class system, the cultural values, the power structure, the balance between individual freedom and social control, the degree of urbanisation and industrialisation all these factors exercise a profound influence on school system of any society. Functional Relationships between Education and other Sub-Systems: What are the functional relationships between education and other sub-systems of society.
Many functionalists have argued that there is functional relationship between different sub-systems. For example there is a functional relationship between education and economic system. Skills and values learned in education are directly related to the way in which the economy and the occupational structure operate. Education trains the individuals in skills that are required by the economy.
Similarly, education is also influenced by economy. Education reflects these changes in the economy. In this context Halsey and Floud argue that, the educational system is bent increasingly to the service of the labour force.
This can be seen from the steady increase in the school leaving age, the increasing specialisation of educational provision and the rapid expansion of higher and vocational education.
The Relationship between Education and Society ( Words)
These institutions are social system because they are interrelated. A social system reveals a balance between its parts which facilitates its operation. Occasionally it may reveal imbalance, but it tends towards equilibrium. For example, when a country changes its Constitution, the change is never confined to its political institutions. Corresponding changes take place in economic relationships, in the educational system, in the class structure and so on.
All the social institutions would be in balance, each being adjusted to other, forming a single unified scheme. Social Origins and Orientation of Students and Teachers: Education is a social concern. It is a social process.
Its objective is to develop and awaken in the child those physical, intellectual and moral states which are acquired of the individual by his society as a whole and the milieu for which he is specially destined.
It is the significant means of socialisation. The function of education is to socialise the young by imparting to them norms and values, culture and heritage, and to provide them with skills and placement. This is traditionally, the accepted role of education. In the West, for long, literacy was not considered essential for all.
It remained confined to the priests, ruling classes and to commercial class. The education imparted was literary and religious. The valuation of education was not very high. In the Indian social milieu, education has been traditionally given significant importance. Education has been given greater prominence in India than in Western or Islamic societies or in China. Eighteenth century, witnessed the total disruption of educational system.
The modern industrial society with its advance technology, division of labour, job differentiation, assumes a general standard of literacy. It cannot carry on with handful of education and mass illiteracy. The technological advancement has necessitated the re-orientation of education.
The environmental effect of the education of child is now given special stress and attention. Douglas, in The Home and the School has specially developed this aspect of child education.
Likewise, children from smaller families generally have higher educational attainment, since they are also likely to receive more parental attention than children in large families. He or she is an active agent who has to learn to interpret that environment… Consequently, when considering the effects of the home on educational attainment.
It is not enough to see this simply as the result of the occupation and education of the parents. Family insecurity, for example, is not only produced by poverty but also results when professional parents with busy lives spend little time with their children.
In USA, there does not exist a national system of education. It is not a Federal subject. It is left entirely to the care of the local administration. There, therefore, exists diversity of institutions and of standards. Even within the same State, educational standards and the quality of schools varies.
- Guaranteeing Access to Knowledge: The Role of Libraries
- Role of libraries in education
The American elementary and high school education is comprehensive, and in the schools are conducted commercial, vocational and college preparatory programmes.
There are schools, which exclusively conduct college preparatory courses. In England, there are elementary schools for the working class, Grammar schools for middle class children, and public school education, for the children of the upper class.
This pattern has remained more or less unchanged, since long time. The Education Act ofdid not bring about any change in this differentiation. There is, however, effort being made to bring about the changes in the system, to develop comprehensive school system.
Education in our country under the British Raj did not make much progress. Inliteracy did not cover more than 10 per cent of the population. Since independence much extension has been given to education and literacy. Efforts are afoot to extend education both at the primary and adult levels.
Guaranteeing Access to Knowledge: The Role of Libraries
In the five decades since independence much advance has been made in education at secondary, college and university levels. Under the new pattern Ten plus Two system at the secondary and senior secondary levels, emphasis is now being laid on vocational and technical education. In the traditional society, teacher was taken to symbolise the best in social values. He was accepted as a moral authority. But this position has now undergone a distinct change. Teacher in an educated society is not the only person who can be said to have intellectual competence and school too is not the only institution to impart education.
The normative aspect of education is not attended to. In fact it has remained neglected. The emphasis in learning is on the accumulation of knowledge or acquiring a qualification, vocational or otherwise. Equality of Educational Opportunity: The equalisation of educational opportunities is essentially linked with the notion of equality in the social system.
In a social system if all the individuals are treated as equal, they get equal opportunities for advancement. Since education is one of the most important means of upward mobility, it is through an exposure to education one can aspire to achieve higher status, position and emoluments. But for getting education he must have equal opportunities like other members of the society. In case educational opportunities are unequally distributed, the inequalities in the social structure continue to be perpetuated, it is in this light the quality of educational opportunity has been visualised.
The need for emphasising the equality of opportunity in education arise due to number of reasons. Some of these reasons are enumerated below: Education is supposed to eliminate social and economic inequality. The relationship between education and inequality is a result of the historical particulars of the educational system.
There are two factors in this 1 the available opportunities which structure individual choices and 2 the social and economic process which structure individual choices while the above factors point out that the educational system is a product of the social structure it must be remembered that it is not a one-way process because the educational system itself and the values it stands for influences individual decisions.
The major problem with respect to the equality of educational opportunity is the perpetuation of inequalities through education. It is through a system of education in which elite control is predominant that the inequalities are perpetuated.
In an elite controlled system the schools practise segregation. This segregation may be on the basis of caste, colour or class etc. In South Africa schools practise segregation on the basis of colour. Equality of educational opportunity is more talked about, than really believed. In all modern industrially advanced countries there is the total inequality of educational opportunity.
Educational opportunities for a child are determined by his family, class, neighborhood consideration. A comprehensive school system free from these considerations is the demand all over the world. There is a move to this effect in U. But the movement is comparatively weak in Britain and France. The size of the family and the parental attitude makes a lot of difference to the educational career of a child.
The educated parents give due attention to the education of the children. The family influence determines the educational goal of the children. Inequality of educational opportunity also occurs due to the poverty of a large section of the population and the relative affluence of small minority. The poor cannot pay the fees and their children do not find chances of continuing in schools. Children from the families that cannot provide the economic support and other perquisite, suffer badly.
From this group, there is the maximum number of dropouts. Education and social status have close connection. Social class position includes income, occupation and life style. These have impact on the upbringing of the child. Under the segregated schooling that long prevailed in the United States, officially in the South and informally elsewhere, Negroes received an inferior education.