African Americans and Black Community - Healthy Marriage and Responsible Fatherhood
Statistics collected by OkCupid reveal that black women are the least Marriage should create a safety net for couples, but for some black. Compared to both white and Hispanic women, black women marry later in life, . of group differences in marriage, yet these figures reflect age-specific marriage .. Back in , there was no clear relationship between educational level and . In only 29% of African Americans were married compared to 48% of all They discovered some startling statistics when calculating marriage by race.
Religion is generally a force for family harmony, and African Americans attend church more often than anyone.Some Fair, Honest, Unbiased African American (INTERRACIAL) Marriage Statistics
This led us to wonder if religion plays a different role for African American families than it does for Americans more generally. Indeed, for African Americans, as for other Americans, it appears to be a largely positive force in family life. So what does account for the relative fragility of African American families?
When it comes to nonmarital childbearing and divorce, we are able to identify some structural factors, such as income and education, and some cultural factors, such as attitudes and sexual behavior, that account for a substantial share of the racial divide.
For other outcomes, such as marriage rates and relationship quality, we are not able to explain the divide with the data available to us.
Like other scholars, we do not fully know what makes black family life distinctive in these ways. Still, our findings and our reading of the literature point to four key factors that contribute to racial differences in American family life. This has undercut the economic foundations of black family life.
Interracial Marriage Statistics
Third, cultural factors, such as greater acceptance of single motherhood, play a role. Finally, ill-conceived public policies—such as drug laws that have had a disparate impact upon blacks, or means-tested programs that penalize marriage among lower-income couples—have tragically injured black family life.
The consequences have been especially grievous for black men, as evidenced by low employment and high rates of incarceration and infidelity. Between and38 percent of black men aged 18—60 were not employed full-time, compared to 24 percent of Latino men and 26 percent of white men.
This trend has left black men less marriageable, a key development in the relatively high level of family fragility among African Americans. All of these dynamics have operated in concert to take a serious toll on black families. Although academia continues to debate the relative importance that discrimination, poverty, public policy, and culture play in accounting for black family fragility, no one can dispute the fact that single parenthood and family instability coupled with lower relationship quality pose challenges to African American men, women, and children.
For Latinos, family life is comparatively strong in many respects.
But when it comes to nonmarital childbearing, Latinos are vulnerable. Today more than 50 percent of Latino children are born out of wedlock, well above the 29 percent figure for whites.
Religion, Sex, Love and Marriage among African Americans and Latinos
Our data analysis shows that socioeconomic factors account for a substantial portion of the Latino—white divide in nonmarital childbearing. Cultural factors also appear to play a role. Latinas are also less likely to have had an abortion than are their black or white peers.
Another way to put it is this: Kelly Raley, Megan Sweeney, and Danielle Wondra begin by reviewing common explanations for these differences, which first gained momentum in the s though patterns of marital instability diverged earlier than patterns of marriage formation.
Raley, Sweeney and, Wondra argue that the racial gap in marriage that emerged in the s, and has grown since, is due partly to broad changes in ideas about family arrangements that have made marriage optional. Race continues to be associated with economic disadvantage, and thus as economic factors have become more relevant to marriage and marital stability, the racial gap in marriage has grown.
In70 percent of non-Hispanic white children ages 0—18 and roughly 59 percent of Hispanic children were living with both of their biological parents.
Religion, Sex, Love and Marriage among African Americans and Latinos | Institute for Family Studies
The same was true for only a little more than one-third of black children. Others suggest that common factors, such as economic distress, contribute both to family instability and to developmental problems in children. Regardless, even if many single-parent families function well and produce healthy children, population-level differences in family stability are associated with distress for both parents and children.
We begin by describing racial and ethnic differences in marriage formation and stability, then review common explanations for these differences.
We also discuss how these gaps have evolved over time and how they relate to social class. To date, many explanations have focused on the poor and working class, even though racial and ethnic differences in family formation exist across the class spectrum.
We argue that the racial gap in marriage that emerged in the s, and has grown since, is due partly to broad changes in ideas about family arrangements that have made marriage optional but still desirable.
Although we primarily focus on black-white differences in marriage, we also consider contemporary family patterns for other racial and ethnic groups Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans.