Correlation between stress, stress-coping and current sleep bruxism
Another epidemiological study examined the relationship between a significantly higher stress perception in bruxers compared to healthy controls  . .. Spearman correlation coefficient rho and P-value for correlations. 2Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, University of Occupational and The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between stress, . rank correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationship between stress. Items 1 - 7 The Relationship between Stress Coping Strategies and Mental Health in . Moreover, the correlation coefficient with Beck anxiety test and Zung.
The contract guaranteed that the participants' responses would remain anonymous. Finally, the contract was signed by the participant and returned to the experimenter.
The Questionnaires The apparatus consisted of two measures in this experiment. The events listed include many stressors such as death of a close family member, divorce between parents, and change of major. The students were asked to indicate age and gender.
They were then asked to rate the extent to which they experienced various health problems during the past year, from no problem 0 to significant problem 3 is this your Health Inventory?
If yes this is a very weak measure of health problem if not why did you ask this question? The procedure was executed by distributing the questionnaires. Each member of the research group gave out the questionnaires to five different students. After the consent form was signed and the measures completed, they were analyzed. The results were thoroughly examined and explained.
Correlation Coefficient | Encyclopedia of Psychology
The median, which is a measure of central tendency, was The standard deviation from the mean score was 9. The minimum score was 1. The mean score on the Student Life Events Scale was The standard deviation from the mean was The minimum score was The correlation coefficient Pearson, Spearman, phi,? This positive variable indicates that as stress increases, health increases Wrong Conclusion, illness increases not health.
However, the farther the distance of the coefficient from 0. We predicted a strong relationship between these two variables, but only a slight one was observed. Yet, it can support some of the previous research demonstrating a relationship between health and stress since there was positive correlation. It did not altogether fail to show a relationship, and does not coincide with past research designed to challenge the correlation. First Justification Reliability is the extent to which any measuring device, such as a psychological test, yields the same result each time it is applied to the same quantity.
We did not test for this consistency since each questionnaire was administered to each participant only once. Validity is the extent to which a test actually measures what it is intended to measure. Our experiment demonstrated a degree of content validity because the items on each questionnaire were related in a straightforward manner to health or stress.
How did you measure the content validity. Experiments similar to ours have been done which demonstrate content validity. Reference Another explanation for the results of our experiment could be that there was a great deal of experimental error in the measurement. One type of error may be found in the test itself. Second Justification Certain items on the questionnaire could be considered too broad, such as dental problems, thus affecting the participant's response to that particular item.
Third Justification Other age groups could have been observed. Fourth Justification Also, the participants could have been chosen more carefully to ensure a more equal distribution of males and females. Fifth Justification The attitude of the experimenter towards the experiment may have affected the participant's responses. Another In other words possibility is that the experimenter may have tried to influence the participants to respond in a manner that is consistent with the predictions of the experiment HOW?
Lastly thereforethe participants may have contributed as a source of error. Sixth Justification The participants may not have taken the experiment seriously and responded randomly to the items Why? They may have exhibited dishonesty in their responses due to the personal nature of some of the items which items how and when did you realize this? The study of health and stress can be applied to everyday life.
Correlation between stress, stress-coping and current sleep bruxism
We encounter stress on a daily basis, and unless we live a charmed life, we often suffer from some form of illness. In learning more about the relationship between health and stress we can discover ways to improve our general well-being, and live healthier, less stressful lives.
It is quite likely that future research it this area will continue because of the great benefits it may contribute to people in today's stressful life. Your Suggestions References Cohen, S. Negative life events, perceived stress, negative affect, and susceptibility to the common cold. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, Stress and the immune system. The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11, Stress, anxiety, depression, and physical illness in college students.
Journal of Genetic Psychology, The effects of academic stress on health behaviors in young adults. An International Journal, 9, In the same study it could also be shown that smoking was significantly positively associated with frequent bruxism. It was concluded that tobacco use may both amplify the patient's pain response and provoke bruxism [ 17 ]. Another epidemiological study examined the relationship between psychosocial job stress and SB in a Japanese population of male and female factory workers.
The study found that SB was weakly associated with some aspects of job stress in men among the Japanese working population [ 18 ]. Two further studies demonstrated an association between SB and an overtly ambitious character or behavior Type Awhich in turn is related to a stressful life [ 1415 ].
A psychometric study found a significantly higher stress perception in bruxers compared to healthy controls [ 29 ]. Studies on urinary catecholamines in bruxers, indicating stressful states, detected a significant association of urinary epinephrine and dopamine with bruxism in children [ 30 ], as well as a positive relationship between increased urinary epinephrine and high levels of sleep masseter muscle activity [ 31 ].
Animal experiments with rats concerning the relationship between emotional stress and brux-like activity of their masseter muscles have also suggested a positive correlation [ 32 ].
Furthermore Schneider et al. They observed a significant difference in positive coping strategies, which are capable of reducing stress, between the two groups. SB-patients reported significantly less positive coping strategies, like 'reaction control' and 'positive self-instructions'.
Based on the above, a deficit of functional coping strategies in SB-patients could be demonstrated [ 33 ]. In contrast to these findings, two other studies showed that there was no relationship between the degree of SB and self-reported stress [ 3435 ].
Another study, found no significant differences between bruxers and controls with respect to perceived stress during the previous year [ 36 ]. Overall, the majority of studies suggest an association between stress and SB, although increased SB as a direct consequence of diurnal stress could not be proved. It remains debatable as to which specific stress-factors correlate with SB.
According to the transactional model of stress and coping [ 37 ], stress depends on the impact of an external stressor, which is mediated by the appraisal of the stressor primary appraisal on the one hand, and the appraisal of the individual's capabilities to handle the situation secondary appraisal on the other hand. Coping represents the actual strategy of an individual to deal with the stressor. Dispositional coping styles are generalized ways of behaving in stressful situations, stable across time and circumstances.
However, investigations regarding the correlation between stress-coping and SB are rare. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether specific stress related factors and coping strategies, from different areas of life, correlate with SB. A reliable and concurrently practicable instrument should be used, in order to measure the degree of SB. This allows for a high number of participants to be easily examined.
The literature states numerous methods with different validity and practicability for the assessment of SB-activity: Recently, it has been shown that the BBMD, in combination with a newly computer-based analyzing-method, is a reliable and feasible instrument to quantify abrasion as an indication for current SB [ 45 ]. The hypothesis used in this study was that high levels of specific stress related factors are associated with a high level of SB-activity.
Additionally, it was hypothesized that handling stress in a non-effective way may lead to high SB-activity. Methods Sample The sample consisted of 69 subjects, of which 48 were SB-patients.