Miep Gies - Wikipedia
Hermine "Miep" Gies (née Santruschitz; 15 February – 11 January ) was one of the Miep became a close friend of the Frank family, as did Jan Gies, her fiancé. . Miep Gies remembers how she met Anne Frank · Image of Miep's wartime identity card · Photo of Miep and Henk Gies, Bep Voskuijl, Victor Kugler. Miep and Jan went to the Frank family to help them prepare for their disappearance. The next morning, on Monday July 6, , Miep went by bicycle to meet Margot at They did not speak a word as they went, but steadily cycled along. Miep Gies hid the Frank family for years and even saved Anne It was there that she met the man who would become her husband, Jan Gies.
I held her little fingers to the keys and pressed. Her eyes flashed when the keys jumped up and printed black letters onto the invoice rolled into the machine.
Then I directed her attention to the window — just the kind of lively scene I thought any child would like. The view caught her interest: Quiet, obedient, curious about everything. Miep started dating Jan Gies. During their lunch break, he often picked up Miep to go for a stroll. In that way he got to know Otto Frank as well.
When Otto Frank one day invited Miep to come for dinner at their home, he added: I accepted, honored to be invited home by my boss to share a meal with his family. Otto Frank looked as well-groomed as at the office, but clearly a bit more laid-back. Frank was just as friendly and as reserved as when Miep first met her. Edith Frank had not yet mastered Dutch very well, and since Jan was proficient in German, they continued to converse in German. They heard from Edith how she was still rather homesick for Germany, admired the antique furniture, made the acquaintance of the family cat, and discussed world events.
When sitting down for dinner the two daughters Anne and Margot were called to join them, now eight and ten years old, respectively.
Miep Gies :: Friendship with the Frank family
After dinner, the girls disappeared into their room to do homework. Miep and Jan had another cup of coffee with Mr. Frank and continued their conversation.
Again as prescribed by etiquette, after the second cup of coffee they thanked them for an enjoyable evening and left. This first dinner was the first of many to follow. Although these evenings kept their formal character, the personal stories that Edith shared with them allowed Jan and Miep to get to know the Franks better and better. The latest news was always a topic of conversation, but as soon as the children were called to the table the fearsome events taking place in the world were no longer discussed, and the adults switched instead to cheerful topics and stories.
Anne would be the one doing most of the talking, Margot was much more reticent. Just as Miep and Jan, Anne loved the cinema and at the table they would discuss their favorite films and film stars in the minutest detail.
Miep Gies, who hid Anne Frank, dies at 100
Besides for dinners, Miep and Jan were also invited for the Saturday afternoons with coffee and cake. On these afternoons the Frank family held open house, and Edith would present home-baked cheesecake or sponge cake. The other guests were all Germans, mainly Jewish refugees that had fled Nazi Germany, just like the Franks. Everyone was very politically aware, and the developments in Germany were discussed at great length, with everyone talking at the same time amidst clouds of tobacco smoke.
Frank liked the idea of introducing these refugees to Dutch people who were interested in their lot, in why they had fled, and in their welfare here in Holland.
They would later be joining the Frank family in hiding in the Secret Annex. Since Miep and Jan had no savings with which to furnish a house, to get married and to start their own life together, their dating phase continued for much longer than they would have wanted. There was also a severe housing shortage, due to the immense influx of refugees into Amsterdam.
Inwhen Miep had just turned thirty, they decided to nevertheless make work of finding a home and to then get married. It was Otto Frank who, shortly after the German invasion, pointed out an advertisement to Miep, offering rooms in their own neighborhood.
The next day Mr. Frank accompanied Miep to see the rooms. The landlady was the Jewish Mrs. Stoppelman, and Miep decided to take the rooms. After the initial panic and chaos that followed the German invasion and subsequent occupation, by the summer of life seemed to recover its daily routine.
However, as fall set in, the first anti-Jewish measures were enforced. Though not too worrisome at first, the measures gradually become more oppressive. Miep and Jan grew increasingly worried for their Jewish friends, but they adapted and life carried on.
On July 16,Miep and Jan were married with a small group of friends and family members in attendance. Frank had shut the office for the day so that Miep's colleagues could also attend. Otto Frank brought along his youngest daughter Anne, while Edith stayed at home to care for their sick daughter Margot. She stayed close to her father, hanging on his hand. As part of a relief program to help malnourished children she was sent by her hard-pressed parents to live with a middle-class Dutch foster family in Leiden in Holland: The train was filled with many children like me, all with cards around their necks.
Suddenly, the faces of my parents were no longer in sight anywhere and the train had begun to move. All the children were scared and apprehensive about what was to become of us. Most of us had never even been outside our streets, certainly never outside Vienna. I felt too weak to observe much, found the chugging motion of the train made me sleepy. It was pitch-black, the middle of the night, when the train stopped. The sign beside the still-steaming train said Leiden: Opposite the exhausted, sick children crowded a group of adults.
Suddenly, those adults came at us in a swarm and began to fumble with our cards, reading off the names. We were helpless to resist the looming forms and fumbling hands. A man, not very big but very strong-looking, read my tag. Ja, he said firmly, and took my hand in his, helping me down from the chair. He led me away, I was not afraid and went with him willingly. After several weeks, some of Miep's strength began to return.
Young Miep thrived in her new Dutch home, she growed to love her new family very much - five children, not much money, but great kindness. They taught her generosity. She never lived with her parents again.
Meet Miep Gies — The Woman Who Hid Anne Frank And Gave Her Diary To The World
She was a good student, a reliable secretary, had a lively social life and was one of the first girls in Amsterdam to learn the Charleston. In she took a job as an office assistant for Otto Frank, who had brought his Jewish family to Holland from Germany to escape the Nazis and reestablished his business in Amsterdam.
Miep soon became good friends with the Frank family - Otto, his wife Edith, and their daughters, Margot and Anne. The family's feelings of security collapsed, however, when inAdolf Hitler and his troops conquered Holland and the freedom of the Jews began to be severely restricted. Dictates on where Jews could shop, swim or go to school became a part of everyday life.
As the brutality of the Nazis soon accelerated with murder, violence and terror, the seeds of their plan for the total extermination of the Jews dawned on Otto Frank in all its horror. He spent preparing and stocking an annex behind his business office at Prinsengracht into a hiding place.
The entrance to these rooms on the third and fourth floors was concealed by a moving bookcase which could be closed. The closed bookcase, a model of the 3rd floor and the bookcase opened He came to his loyal employee and friend Miep Gies with a question that would, in a split second, change her life forever.
Of course, she said without asking for details. She agreed to help the Franks go into hiding in the secret annex despite threat of imprisonment, deportation or execution. On her 13th birthday in Anne received as a gift from her parents, a diary. She immediately took to writing her intimate thoughts and musings. A few short weeks later, however, Margot received a notice from the Nazi SS to report for work detail at a labor camp. Eight people eventually came to live in the secret annex. Miep, Jan and three others risked their lives daily and acted as helpers for the people in the annex, and brought them food, supplies and news of the world outside the darkened windows.
Miep's friendship with Anne Frank was especially strong. When she wrote the diary, Anne changed all the names of the people in it, to protect them from Nazi retribution - except for Miep, whose first name remained the same. Miep brought her blank accounting books so Anne could continue to scribble her thoughts after she filled the checkered diary.
Miep bought Anne her first pair of heels, secondhand red pumps, which Anne teetered around on, biting on her lip, until she mastered them. Miep even supplied some lavender peonies to Peter, who presented them to Anne as a sign of his affection.
One night, Anne persuaded Miep to sleep over in the attic. Miep spent a suffocating, sleepless night on Anne's small, hard bed. She listened to the church clock across the garden chime at minute intervals, listened to her own heart pound. She became aware of what it meant to be imprisoned in those small rooms and felt a taste of the helpless fear these people were forced to endure day and night.
Prinsengracht It all ended on August 4,when their hiding place was betrayed, probably by a Dutch woman Lena Hartog-van Bladeren. She was one of the cleaning women working in the office in front of the annex The eight who lived in the annex were arrested by the Nazis and taken to Gestapo headquarters in Amsterdam, where the courageous Miep rushed to plead for their release - in vain. Two of the five who hid the group were sent to concentration camps.
She herself was spared only because she was Austrian by birth, like the arresting officer. As the Nazis searched the annex for valuables such as money, the briefcase in which Anne kept her writings was opened and the papers were scattered on the floor. Little did these men realize the eventual value of these materials. Miep, who had supplied all of the notebooks for her young friend' s diary, was determined to retrieve them, despite the enormous threat from the Nazis.
Using a spare set of keys, she visited the ransacked attic after the arrests, in defiance of Nazi orders. There, among the scattered papers on the floor, she found Anne's red-checked diary.
Without opening it, she put it in an unlocked drawer of her desk, hoping to return it to Anne after the war.