Antonio Salieri | Italian composer | aviabilets.info
There is also no foundation for the belief that Salieri tried to poison Mozart—a legend that was the basis of Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov's opera Mozart et Salieri. Our resident Mozart specialist John Suchet investigates. Did Salieri plot Mozart's demise to the point of actually poisoning Meet Salieri. F Murray Abraham as Salieri and Tom Hulce as Mozart in Amadeus He did have an impressive roster of pupils: Beethoven, Schubert, later it was still doing the rounds; Rossini joked about it when he met Salieri in
Rauhensteingasse 8, where Mozart died, with St.
Exploding the Salieri myth | Music | The Guardian
Stephen's in the background. Salieri was delusional in the last years of his life. Shortly before his death, Salieri put the record straight. He said, although this is my last illness, I can assure you on my word of honor that there is no truth to that absurd rumor; you know that I am supposed to have poisoned Mozart.
The Russian dramatist Aleksander Pushkin must have believed the rumors. Inhe wrote a short play in which Salieri does poison Mozart.
A report suggests rheumatic fever. A more recent study proposes that Mozart had the following sequence of illnesses in his final three weeks: Was the commission conceived by Salieri as a way to drive Mozart mad? Was it some malicious plot to make Mozart believe he was writing a requiem for himself? Was it commissioned by an anonymous messenger? Far from blocking its performance, Salieri frequently conducted Mozart's work. And Mozart's death, as one respected musical journal wrote, was almost certainly caused not by poison but by "arduous work and fast living among ill-chosen company".
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- Antonio Salieri
- The feud that never was
It was only after Mozart's demise that Salieri began to have any real reason to hate him. Unlike that of any before him, Mozart's music kept on being performed. Cut down at the peak of his powers - and with the added frisson of whispered rumours that he might have been murdered - he became the first composer whose cult of celebrity actually flourished after his death.
Salieri, however, had outlived his talent. He wrote almost no music for the last two decades of his life. Instead he spent time revising his previous works. He did have an impressive roster of pupils: But the composer who had once been at the vanguard of new operatic ideas was not necessarily teaching his students to be similarly innovative; we can only be grateful that Schubert ignored his diatribes against the "intolerable" genre of Germanic lieder. So how did this respected musician become the rumoured murderer of the great Mozart?That was Mozart - Amadeus
Nobody knows for certain. But in his final weeks Mozart is reported to have believed he had been poisoned, and had gone so far as to blame hostile Italian factions at the Viennese court. People put two and two together and pointed the finger at Salieri. And who could resist a story this good? Certainly not his fellow composers. There are mentions of it in Beethoven's Conversation Books.
Weber, Mozart's father-in-law, had heard it byand cold-shouldered Salieri ever after. And 20 years later it was still doing the rounds; Rossini joked about it when he met Salieri in As the rumour gathered strength, all denials only served to reinforce it. Then, inSalieri - hospitalised, terminally ill and deranged - is said to have accused himself of poisoning Mozart. In more lucid moments he took it back.
But the damage was done. No such report is known to exist — which would be a huge discovery to any academic who had actually seen it — so judge the reliability of Boelza's pamphlet for yourself. What does exist is a written statement from two men who were Salieri's hour caregivers during the last two years of his life, stating that they never heard him make any such confession.
There is also an anecdote that Salieri once took the very young composer Rossini to meet Beethoven at his home in Vienna. Beethoven allegedly turned Rossini away and shouted "How dare you come to my house with Mozart's poisoner?
Salieri had tutored Beethoven, and the two had always been friends. Beethoven held his tutor in such high esteem that, even after Mozart's death, he dedicated his violin sonatas Opus 12 to Salieri, and wrote a series of variations on a theme from Salieri's opera Falstaff. So even this anecdote seems unreliable.
It's also noteworthy that Salieri was never under any kind of official suspicion of criminal activity. Indeed, his professional career continued to flourish despite the rumors. Many great composers continued studying under him, including the young Franz Liszt and Franz Schubert. Although it was Salieri who took the heat for Mozart's alleged murder, he was not the only suspect.
In contrast to the popular legend, Salieri was not even the one who commissioned the Requiem upon which Mozart forced himself to work so hard even until the day of his death; that patron was Count Franz von Walsegg, who wanted the Requiem to honor his late wife. A number of authors have put forward the hypothesis that Mozart, who was a Freemason, was killed by a Masonic conspiracy.
Mozart and Salieri
Why would the Freemasons murder one of their own? One claim is that the story conceals an allegory for an alleged plot to overthrow Freemasonry; another is that it contained misuses of Masonic symbols. Author Georg Friedrich Daumer was the most vocal proponent of these theories, which he first published in However, his belief that Freemasons poisoned Mozart should be viewed in the context of his other claims: He also believed that Freemason conspiracies murdered many heads of state and leaders in religion and philosophy.
But even the very idea that anyone was responsible for Mozart's death is not generally accepted among modern historians. The most thorough accounts of Mozart's four months of illness all come from his wife, Constanze, and from shorter reports from the friends and associates who frequently visited him, including her sister Sophie.
None thought he had been poisoned. Several times, Mozart told Constanze that he believed he had been poisoned with a popularly known arsenic-based potion called aqua tofana, however he dismissed the notion himself during a spell in which his health seemed to return for a time.
His principal symptom was swelling, particularly of the extremities, which caused him great pain when it was at its worst. At the application of a cold compress to his forehead on December 5,the shock caused him to lose consciousness, from which he never awoke, and died two hours later. Mozart's own doctors blamed his death on "high miliary fever", but this was a prescientific diagnosis and does not correspond to any specific diseases now known.
After his death, Mozart's first biography was written by Franz Niemetschek and was based on interviews with Constanze and Sophie and numerous documents provided by them. His second biography was written by Constanze's second husband, Georg Nikolaus von Nissen.
Neither book suggests that Mozart died from any cause other than illness.