The blue and white nile rivers meet in middle diamond

White Nile - Wikipedia

the blue and white nile rivers meet in middle diamond

Where two Niles meet: a view of life in Sudan – in pictures In Sudan's bustling capital, Khartoum, which sits at the confluence of the Blue and White Niles, traders sell sim cards fishermen haul in their catches on the water hyacinth- choked banks of the river . Sudan · Africa · Middle East and North Africa. wetlands are analysed for the whole Blue and White Nile Basin, including their constraints. The Nile River basin: water, agriculture, governance and livelihoods / .. of individuals participated in the various conferences and meetings during the deliberations of .. Ethiopia's link with the Middle East is from Yemen on the. The White Nile is a river in Africa, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile; the other is the Blue These two feeder rivers meet near Rusumo Falls on the border between Rwanda an Tanzania. The river then flows northwest through Uganda to Lake Kyoga in the centre of the country, thence west to Lake Albert.

The Nile was much longer at that time, with its furthest headwaters in northern Zambia. Integrated Nile[ edit ] There are two theories about the age of the integrated Nile. One is that the integrated drainage of the Nile is of young age, and that the Nile basin was formerly broken into series of separate basins, only the most northerly of which fed a river following the present course of the Nile in Egypt and Sudan. Rushdi Said postulated that Egypt itself supplied most of the waters of the Nile during the early part of its history.

This rift is possibly still active, with reported tectonic activity in its northern and southern boundaries.

Boat sinks on Nile River in Sudan, killing pupils | aviabilets.info

The Sudd swamps which form the central part of the basin may still be subsiding. Geophysical exploration of the Blue Nile Rift System estimated the depth of the sediments to be 5—9 kilometers 3. These basins were not interconnected until their subsidence ceased, and the rate of sediment deposition was enough to fill and connect them.

the blue and white nile rivers meet in middle diamond

The Egyptian Nile connected to the Sudanese Nile, which captures the Ethiopian and Equatorial headwaters during the current stages of tectonic activity in the Eastern, Central and Sudanese Rift Systems. The River Atbara overflowed its closed basin during the wet periods that occurred abouttoyears ago.

The Blue Nile connected to the main Nile during the 70,—80, years B. Role in the founding of Egyptian civilization[ edit ] A felucca traversing the Nile near Aswan The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that "Egypt was the gift of the Nile".

An unending source of sustenance, it provided a crucial role in the development of Egyptians civilization. Silt deposits from the Nile made the surrounding land fertile because the river overflowed its banks annually.

The Ancient Egyptians cultivated and traded wheatflaxpapyrus and other crops around the Nile. Wheat was a crucial crop in the famine-plagued Middle East.

This trading system secured Egypt's diplomatic relationships with other countries, and contributed to economic stability. Far-reaching trade has been carried on along the Nile since ancient times. A tune, Hymn to the Nilewas created and sung by the ancient Egyptian peoples about the flooding of the Nile River and all of the miracles it brought to Ancient Egyptian civilization.

These animals were killed for meat, and were domesticated and used for ploughing—or in the camels' case, carriage. Water was vital to both people and livestock. The Nile was also a convenient and efficient means of transportation for people and goods.

The Nile was an important part of ancient Egyptian spiritual life. Hapi was the god of the annual floods, and both he and the pharaoh were thought to control the flooding. The Nile was considered to be a causeway from life to death and the afterlife. The east was thought of as a place of birth and growth, and the west was considered the place of death, as the god Rathe Sun, underwent birth, death, and resurrection each day as he crossed the sky. Thus, all tombs were west of the Nile, because the Egyptians believed that in order to enter the afterlife, they had to be buried on the side that symbolized death.

As the Nile was such an important factor in Egyptian life, the ancient calendar was even based on the 3 cycles of the Nile. These seasons, each consisting of four months of thirty days each, were called AkhetPeretand Shemu. Akhet, which means inundation, was the time of the year when the Nile flooded, leaving several layers of fertile soil behind, aiding in agricultural growth. Speke was the Victorian explorer who first reached Lake Victoria inreturning to establish it as the source of the Nile by Stanley circumnavigated the lake and confirmed Speke's observations in Various expeditions failed to determine the river's source.

Agatharcides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphusa military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlandsbut no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.

Second, the situation in Libya, where Egypt is trying to interfere by supporting General Khalifa Haftar.

the blue and white nile rivers meet in middle diamond

The turmoil in Libya is worrying the Khartoum leadership. Then there are the relations with the Gulf countries. These elements can lead to moments of heightened tensions.

As seen before, even if both Sudan and Egypt are countries with an Islamic orientation, as far as the Nile is concerned, their positions are very different. And Addis Ababa is trying to widen the rift.

According to some sources, Ethiopian armed forces offered Sudan their support to defend its air space from a possible Egyptian attack. Another at this moment minor dispute on the waters of the Nile concerns Migingo Island, in Lake Victoria. The government of Kenya and Uganda have different stances on who has the right to fish in the surrounding waters. On a general level, 30 million people depend on Lake Victoria for their survival.

But the fishing stocks are decreasing due to excessive exploitation and pollution of the environment. But Cairo is basically isolated on a political level. Above Khartoumthe Nile is also known as the White Nilea term also used in a limited sense to describe the section between Lake No and Khartoum. At Khartoum the river is joined by the Blue Nile. Both branches are on the western flanks of the East African Rift. Sources The source of the Nile is sometimes considered to be Lake Victoria, but the lake has feeder rivers of considerable size.

The Kagera Riverwhich flows into Lake Victoria near the Tanzanian town of Bukobais the longest feeder, although sources do not agree on which is the longest tributary of the Kagera and hence the most distant source of the Nile itself. Gish Abay is reportedly the place where the "holy water" of the first drops of the Blue Nile develop. For the remaining part it flows merely westerly through the Murchison Falls until it reaches the very northern shores of Lake Albert where it forms a significant river delta.

the blue and white nile rivers meet in middle diamond

The lake itself is on the border of DR Congobut the Nile is not a border river at this point. Just south of the town it has the confluence with the Achwa River.

Nile - Wikipedia

When the Nile floods it leaves a rich silty deposit which fertilizes the soil. The Nile no longer floods in Egypt since the completion of the Aswan Dam in More than half of the Nile's water is lost in this swamp to evaporation and transpiration. From here it soon meets with the Sobat River at Malakal. On an annual basis, the White Nile upstream of Malakal contributes about fifteen percent of the total outflow of the Nile.

The course of the Nile in Sudan is distinctive. It flows over six groups of cataractsfrom the sixth at Sabaloka just north of Khartoum northward to Abu Hamed. North of Cairothe Nile splits into two branches or distributaries that feed the Mediterranean: The Atbara flows only while there is rain in Ethiopia and dries very rapidly.

During the dry period of January to June, it typically dries up north of Khartoum. In harsh and arid seasons and droughts the blue Nile dries out completely.

Mogran, Khartoum: Address, Mogran Reviews: 4/5

Before the placement of dams on the river the yearly discharge varied by a factor of 15 at Aswan. The wadi passes through Gharb Darfur near the northern border with Chad and meets up with the Nile near the southern point of the Great Bend.

History Reconstruction of the Oikoumene inhabited worldan ancient map based on Herodotus ' description of the world, circa BC The Nile iteru in Ancient Egyptian has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt since the Stone Agewith most of the population and all of the cities of Egypt resting along those parts of the Nile valley lying north of Aswan.

Satellite imagery was used to identify dry watercourses in the desert to the west of the Nile.

Nile Confluence - Confluence of the white and blue Nile in Khartoum, Sudan

An Eonile canyon, now filled by surface drift, represents an ancestral Nile called the Eonile that flowed during the later Miocene 23—5. The Eonile transported clastic sediments to the Mediterranean; several natural gas fields have been discovered within these sediments.

At some point the sediments raised the riverbed sufficiently for the river to overflow westward into a depression to create Lake Moeris. Lake Tanganyika drained northwards into the Nile until the Virunga Volcanoes blocked its course in Rwanda. The Nile was much longer at that time, with its furthest headwaters in northern Zambia. Integrated Nile There are two theories about the age of the integrated Nile. One is that the integrated drainage of the Nile is of young age, and that the Nile basin was formerly broken into series of separate basins, only the most northerly of which fed a river following the present course of the Nile in Egypt and Sudan.

Rushdi Said postulated that Egypt itself supplied most of the waters of the Nile during the early part of its history.

This rift is possibly still active, with reported tectonic activity in its northern and southern boundaries. The Sudd swamps which form the central part of the basin may still be subsiding. Geophysical exploration of the Blue Nile Rift System estimated the depth of the sediments to be 5—9 kilometers 3.

These basins were not interconnected until their subsidence ceased, and the rate of sediment deposition was enough to fill and connect them. The Egyptian Nile connected to the Sudanese Nile, which captures the Ethiopian and Equatorial headwaters during the current stages of tectonic activity in the Eastern, Central and Sudanese Rift Systems. The River Atbara overflowed its closed basin during the wet periods that occurred abouttoyears ago.

The Troubled Waters Of The Nile.

The Blue Nile connected to the main Nile during the 70,—80, years B. An unending source of sustenance, it provided a crucial role in the development of Egyptians civilization.

  • Where two Niles meet: a view of life in Sudan – in pictures
  • White Nile

Silt deposits from the Nile made the surrounding land fertile because the river overflowed its banks annually. The Ancient Egyptians cultivated and traded wheatflaxpapyrus and other crops around the Nile. Wheat was a crucial crop in the famine-plagued Middle East.