Election Day | Scholastic Media Room
October 23, Election Resources for Elementary Students . youngest students can print "Meet the Candidates" posters, step inside a voting time machine. Educating kids about the elections: This time of the year, even the Scholastic. com has online tools for teaching kids about politics, civics as Thomas Jefferson said, to meet its goals," says Charles Quigley of elections: Candidate and issue guide CNN Sans ™ & © Cable News Network. Submitted by Gina Asprocolas on Tue, 02/09/ - In addition, the back cover will feature a quote from the winner of the presidential election. Emily Elizabeth needs to put up a candidate for a class project, so of course she nominates the Big Meet America's newest president and get caught up on past.
I guide my students by asking what activities of a presidential candidate might be, why they need campaign workers and headquarters, and so on. Then students divide into two groups and form political parties. I ask questions to help them establish their individual party's identity and platforms. Once parties choose symbols and slogans, they create murals that depict the spirit of their campaign headquarters.
Creating Characters I ask students to brainstorm a cast of campaign worker characters whose roles they will play in a story they will create. After kids write job descriptions for each, they design paper dolls to represent the characters and attach them to their murals.
Building the Context Students pose as their characters and introduce themselves to one another. Then parties choose several presidential candidates from among themselves by carefully assessing the qualifications, experience, and personality of each character. As kids gear up for the presidential primaries, they choose real states and real issues to focus on. For instance, if students select Florida, they tailor their party and candidate platforms to reflect the concerns of its many retired residents.
Candidates and their aides give speeches, "air" commercials, post ads, and so on. To find out what is needed in your state to register to vote, or to learn where to vote, see Rock the Vote. No Hanging Chads Here Forget cutting up those little ballots this election year and check out MicroPoll free for all or Poll Everywhere free for one teacher and 40 students.
Their Vote Is Their Business! Avoid polling place bullies by explaining that your classroom polling place is an electioneering-free zone. To make privacy a priority, place each iPad, laptop, or voting device on a desk flanked by a voting curtain aka cheap shower curtain.
Use 3M removable adhesive hooks to hang white shower curtains from school ceilings. In many elections the winning candidate must win by a plurality. That is, the winner must receive more votes than any other candidate. In other elections a winning candidate must win by a majority. That is, the winner must receive more than half the total number of votes cast. Elections may be held to select officers at any level of government.
In the United States, for example, voters elect members of the U. Congress and the president and vice president of the United States.
They also elect mayors, county supervisors, some judges and sheriffs, members of the state legislatures, and governors. The practice is different in some countries with parliamentary forms of government, such as the United Kingdom.
There, only the members of the county and national legislatures are elected. Elections give people the opportunity to choose their leaders and to replace those whose actions have become unpopular. Elections are thus an important means of limiting the power of government leaders.
By choosing among different candidates and political parties, voters also help give direction to their government.
For example, by voting for a candidate who promises to improve local schools, voters show that education is important to them. First, candidates and parties must be free to communicate with voters and campaign publicly. Second, any person meeting the minimum requirements, such as age or citizenship, must be allowed to run for office.
Election Resources for Elementary Students | Scholastic
Third, people must be allowed to vote in private to protect them from being intimidated made fearful or threatened. Fourth, the votes must be accurately and fairly counted. And fifth, any person meeting the minimum requirements of age, citizenship, and residence must be allowed to vote. When elections are held in nondemocratic countries, these requirements may not be safeguarded. For example, candidates the government does not support may be attacked or forbidden from campaigning.
Citizens may fear punishment if they vote against the government. Votes may be miscounted or even destroyed to ensure the victory of a particular individual. Or certain groups may be prevented from voting, either by law or intimidation. The government may claim that a free and open election has taken place. But the outcome may not reflect the true desires of the people.
Some countries are neither fully democratic nor totally nondemocratic. In such cases, elections may be partially free and fair. For example, the government may allow opposition candidates and parties to run for office.
But the government controls all the news media. Thus the opposition cannot get its message out to voters. Most countries hold elections even when it is apparent the elections are not free or fair. They do so because an elected official is seen as having been given a mandate bestowed with the authority to lead or to represent the electorate.
In the modern age, elections are essential to the appearance of lawful rule. Even the most feared and cruel dictators hold elections to try to prove to their own people and the outside world that their leadership is legitimate.
Besides governments, many organizations hold elections.
In the United States, political parties and labor unions choose their leaders through elections. So do a variety of associations, from local social clubs to business and political groups.
Corporations choose their boards of directors by election, but with a special rule. Instead of each person casting one vote, stockholders have one vote for each share of stock they own. States generally adopt the same rules and practices. This reduces costs and avoids the complexity of having two different systems. For example, most states and cities hold their elections the same day as federal elections.
The electoral process begins with the selection of candidates.
It ends with the casting of votes on Election Day. For more information on voting procedures, see the article Voting. They are an important feature of the American political system. The two major parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.